You don't have to be a genius to understand the work of the Nobel Laureates. These games and simulations, based on Nobel Prize-awarded achievements, will teach and inspire you while you're having FUN!
This webinar reports on the approach to OER adaptation adopted by the DFID-funded, UK Open University-led TESS-India (Teacher Education through School-based Support) project, which is developing OER for use within India’s teacher education system. TESS-India aims to enhance the access of teacher educators, head-teachers and teachers to free, high-quality educational materials
Arguably, the benefits of OER are greatest in low- and middle-income countries, where they have the potential to increase access to learning for those who may otherwise be excluded. However, for OER to be truly useful to educators and learners they need to be adapted to suit the contexts in which they are to be used. Adapting OER for local contexts remains one of the greatest challenges for OER (Wolfenden and Buckler, 2011) yet little is written about how to support communities of users to adapt materials.
This webinar reports on the approach to OER adaptation adopted by the DFID-funded, UK Open University-led TESS-India (Teacher Education through School-based Support) project, which is developing OER for use within India’s teacher education system. TESS-India aims to enhance the access of teacher educators, head-teachers and teachers to free, high-quality educational materials. The project spans seven Indian states and the resources, therefore, require localisation to meet diverse linguistic, cultural and pedagogic needs.
Presenters will explain the two-tier model of localisation that TESS-India has adopted and report the findings of research conducted after the first localisation workshops in India, focusing on the following research questions:
- How has the TESS-India project managed and supported the process of OER localisation?
- What tools, processes and mechanisms appear to be useful in supporting communities of users to localise OERs?
- What challenges has the project faced and what is the impact of these challenges on the localisation process and product?
- What is the impact of context on both the process and product of OER localisation?
Interactive, connective, informative: The new website of Science on Stage Europe has been relaunched at www.science-on-stage.eu.
The European platform for science teachers now unites all of the association’s activities in 24 member countries under one umbrella. A virtual map lets teachers and interested parties easily browse all participating Science on Stage countries from Finland to Portugal and Slovakia to Ireland. With only a few clicks, users can find current activities of Science on Stage in their country or find out how to apply for the Science on Stage festival, Europe’s biggest science teaching event.
As an umbrella organisation, Science on Stage Europe coordinates and connects the member countries’ activities for the promotion of STEM education in the European network. It also allows science teachers to network and exchange ideas and share innovative concepts between countries.
From 17-20 June 2015, 350 primary and secondary school science teachers from all over Europe and Canada will come together over four days in London. The Science on Stage festival is Europe's biggest science teaching event, held every two years.
The participating science teachers will enthuse each other and share their best-practice experiments and teaching ideas for science, technology and mathematics education at stands, in workshop and on stage.
Science on Stage UK is proud to host the festival at the People's Palace at Queen Mary, University of London right in the heart of London's vibrant East End.
The participating science teachers will be selected in 2014 through competitive national events in 25 countries. National Steering Committees (NSCs) are responsible for the calls for proposals.
For more information, visit the Science on Stage website or see the video below.
The Energy Experience a new, large scale learning program designed to help teachers in the development of energy awareness to expand knowledge related to energy, the development of competencies.
This resource deals focuses on the reflection of the wishes and needs of students and links it to their consumer behaviour and to comercial marketing strategies.
Teachers and learners now have unprecedented access to online resources and materials from all over the world. The internet has no borders, but original content published on the internet is subject to national copyright laws. Here are eight key points to keep in mind when using online content or other media in your classroom.
1. What is copyright?
According to the World International Property Organization, “Copyright is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps and technical drawings.” These works cannot be reproduced, performed, recorded, or adapted without permission of the author. For educators, this has implications for what materials they use and how they use them.
2. Copyright laws differ from country to country
Each country has its own copyright laws. However, there are some international standards, most based on the Berne Convention. Original works are automatically protected regardless of the laws of the country where they originated. Under the Berne Convention, each country gives original work from any country the same protections. For example, if you find an e-book online by an author from another country, it’s protected by the same copyright laws as a book by an author from your own country.
3. Just because it’s copyrighted doesn’t mean you can’t use it
Copyrighted work can’t be copied, recorded, performed publicly, broadcast, translated or adapted, but that doesn’t mean it can’t be used at all! Most countries allow the limited use of copyrighted content without permission in certain circumstances – for example, for educational purposes.
Professor Renee Hobbs, Director of the Harrington School of Communication and Media and author of Copyright Clarity: How Fair Use Supports Digital Learning, explains how the rights of creators are balanced with the rights of users.
“In the United States, the copyright law enables us to quote from, to excerpt from, and to use copyrighted material without payment or permission, especially when the social benefit of the use outweighs the harm to the copyright holder. […] That, of course, has powerful implications for what educators can do with copyrighted works in the classroom.”
4. Drawing from a copyrighted work to create something new is okay
Prof. Hobbs emphasized that when you use someone else’s work to transform it into something new, it is considered to be a new creative work.
“The understanding of transformativeness in the United States is now becoming a really important dimension of learning to be a creative author,” she said. “Knowing when you can repurpose other people’s bits of culture in making your own creative work. That becomes an essential competence for learning to be an author in a multimedia age.”
5. Copyright doesn’t last forever
Under the Berne Convention, copyright lasts for 50 years after the death of the author. In some circumstances, like if the author is unknown, the duration is 50 years after the release of the work. For applied art and photographic works, the minimum copyright term is 25 years.
After the copyright expires, the creative work becomes part of the public domain. Material in the public domain can be used freely and without permission for any purpose.
6. Authors can choose to give up some of their rights by publishing their work under a Creative Commons license.
Creative Commons is a non-profit organization that has created a set of licenses that allow authors to make their work available for sharing, repurposing, and remixing, without giving up all of their rights. This is important for educators because it means that there is a vast selection of material that is free and legal to use. However, you should know about the different types of Creative Commons licenses and what each one allows you to do with the material.
How can you find these freely available materials? Creative Commons has a search page that links you to other search services that let you find open content. Even easier: in Google Advanced Search, you can filter your results by usage rights to find content that is free to use, share, and modify.
7. Open Educational Resources (OER) are free for you to use and adapt to your needs
Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Educators can use, share, and even modify these materials. For example, you could download a set of exercises, adapt them to suit your students’ needs, and then re-upload your version to share with other educators.
There are several rich repositories of OER:
The OER Commons has almost 50,000 tools that you can browse and access online.
The Open Professionals Education Network has a guide to finding OER with a collection of useful links.
Open Education Europa’s Resources page has a large collection of resources in the 24 European languages and at all educational levels.
8. YOU, as an educator and a consumer, are responsible for maintaining content quality.
Since open content is easy to remix and repurpose, it becomes the responsibility of every user to be vigilant about the quality and integrity of the content they use and produce.
Prof. Hobbs commented, “That ‘marketplace of ideas’ concept that John Milton wrote so eloquently about at the beginning of the 18th century really does inspire us to think about relying on humans’ capacity to make good judgments and distinguish between quality and junk.”
If you are going to use open content from diverse sources, you need to know how to evaluate the material and the source, verify its content through other sources, and teach your students to do the same.
Prof. Hobbs will be speaking at the upcoming Media & Learning conference. Registration is still open and the full programme is available online.